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Moroccan History TimeLine

MOROCCAN FOOD TOUR

-History TimeLine-

 

  • -2000: The first Amazigh King:
  • 03 peoples and regions in North Africa.
    • Moors (Morocco)
    • Numides (Algeria, Tunisia, North Libya)
    • Gétules (Sahara). 
  • -1000: Phoenicians arrived:
  • Language and religion
  • Metals, New plants and spices.
  • Trading hubs.
  • Mauretania Foundation (4th century BC). 
  • -500: Jewish Exile:
  • Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem by Babylon.
  • Dissemination of language and religion.
  • Successful integration. 
  • -100: The Roman Empire:
  • Invasion of Carthage.
  • Kingdom of Mauretania (Bokhos I, Bokhos II, Juba II.)
  • In 46, Mauretania Tingitane 
  • Limitation of territory: Berber resistance
  • 400: From the Romans to the Byzantines:
  • Roman enfeeblement
  • Appearance Southern Spain and Germanic Vandals 
  • Reconquest of the Byzantines of the North
  • Renewal Bérbére (refoundation of Mauretania by Masuna)
  • Adoption of Christianity around the year 100
  • 600: Islam: Umayyads to Abbasids:
  • The Arabic Conquests 
  • Berber participation in the conquests of Andalusia 
  • Discrimination of Umayyads then Abbasids
  • Foundation of Kingdom of Berghouita (4th century of existence)
  • 789: The Idrissids :
  • Allegiance of the tribe of Awrabas
  • Foundation and Expansion of Fes
  • Unification of the country and wide dissemination of Islam
  • Welcome in 814 800,000 families of Andalusia.
  • Collapse around 985.
  • 1055: The Almoravids:
  • Warrior and scientist from the desert
  • Foundation of Marrakech in 1062.
  • Broad dissemination of the Sunnism of the rite of Maliki,
  • conquests of Andalusia in 1086 and 1097. 
  • The empire extends to Spain, Senegal and Niger.
  • 1152: Fall of the Empire.
  • 1147: AlMohades:
  • From the Masmouda tribes (High Atlas).
  • Conquest of territory (Andalusia, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Sahara).
  • Edification (Giralda, Koutoubia and Hassan Tower).
  • Total fall of the empire in 1267.
  • 1245: Merinids:
  • Origin : Rif Berber zenete.
  • Architectural, religious and cultural heritage.
  • Many mosques and medersas (Islamic schools).
  • Decline : three kingdoms Fes, Marrakech, Sijilmassa.
  • 1472: The Wattasides:
  • Kind of coup d’etat against the Marinids.
  • Interruption of urban development.
  • Share of Moroccan coasts by the Iberian countries. 
  • 1554: Saadians:
  • Battle of the Three Kings. Survivor Ahmed El Mansour. 
  • The empire of the Atlantic to Egypt. 
  • African Expedition: Thousands of Slaves (Gnawa) and Gold. 
  • Weakening through succession feuds.
  • 1666: The Alawites:
  • Descendants of the Prophet installed in Tafilalet.
  • Reunification of the country and reinstatement of the central power.
  • Military expeditions against Ottoman Turks and Christians.
  • Meknes Foundation.
  • 1777: first country to recognize the independence of the USA.
  • 1912: French Protectorate and Independence:
  • Lyautey Resident General.
  • Spain to the North and South.
  • 1943: Allied Conference (ANFA), participation of Roosevelt, Churchill who promise the Sultan the independence of Morocco.
  • 1953:The sultan in exile in Madagascar. Return in 1955.
  • 1956: Independence.
  • 1961:Death of Mohammed V. Hassan II accedes to the throne.
  • 1975: Hassan II and the green march.
  • Peaceful liberation of the Moroccan Sahara.
  • 350,000 participants 10% of women.
  • Tripartite agreement in Madrid between Morocco, Spain and Mauritania.
  • 1999: Morocco Today:
  • 1999:Death of Hassan II and enthronement of HM King Mohammed VI.
  • Expansion of international relations.
  • Social, economic and political project.

 

NB: 

  • Some dates are rounded in order to facilitate reading.
  • Several other events and historical personalities are missing from this timeline.
  • Follow us on our website  ww.moroccanfoodtour.com for more details 

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